Thesis

Heat Exchanger Networks

    This study deals with the recovery of the energy available in hot and cold streams that exchanging heat. This can be done by heat exchanger network, to minimize the cost and the use of utilities. The transfer of energy from the hot stream to the cold stream depends on the rate of flow, area of the exchanger, the heat transfer coefficient and temperature gradient along each stream.

English

Thermal Expansion Coefficient of Lubricant Oils.

This investigation covers a study of the thermal expansion of basic lubricating oils. The three types of Iraqi base lube oil –Stocks, namely 40 Stock, 60 Stock, 150 Stock and also lubricating oil with additives from Al -Dura refinery.  The investigation also covers the effect of additives on the thermal expansion coefficient of a lubricating oil.

English

Simple Model of Electrochemical Reactor for Simulation Studies

  Because of the practical importance of analyzing and controlling the systems arises the need to study the frequency response analysis for any system of several industrial plants. The frequency response used for the studies of dynamic characteristics of chemical processes and control loops in the present work. The process control implemented for different control strategies and compare between them by using frequency response techniques.

English

SIMULATION PACKAGE SYSTEM DESIGN TO ANALYSIS AND CONTROL A DISTILLATION COLUMN USING FREQUENCY RESPONSE METHOD

 Because of the practical importance of analyzing and controlling the systems arises the need to study the frequency response analysis for any system of several industrial plants. The frequency response used for the studies of dynamic characteristics of chemical processes and control loops in the present work. The process control implemented for different control strategies and compare between them by using frequency response techniques.

English

Phenomena of mixing Ethylene Glycol /Water System for Freezing Point Measurements

      Experimental work is carried out to find the minimum value of freezing point that can be obtained for Ethylene Glycol – water solution. 5% wt. of methanol is added to the Ethylene glycol – water solution to investigate its effect on freezing temperature.The experiments also included determination of boiling temperature of Ethylene Glycol – water solution with and without methanol at different ethylene glycol concentrations from 0 to 100 weight per cent at temperature 20°C and 1 atmosphere pressure.

English

Characterization of mono, binary, and ternary sphere packing

          This work presents the study of single phase fluid flow through a packed bed, where two type of fluids were used (air and water). Spherical glass particles were used as solid phase, the glass spheres were 0.9987, 0.7955, 0.6015, 0.509, 0.4210 cm in diameter. The bed was 7.64 cm in diameter and 15.15 cm in length.Many variables were studied in this packed bed.

English

Studying The Parameters Affecting The Pressure Drop Across The Packed Bed

                 Semi-empirical equations for fluid flow through packed bed have been achieved, depending on Buckingham π theorem. Two types of fluids have been used (water and air) separately (single phase flow). Several types and kinds of packing materials with different sizes have been used in the packed bed, and each had been studied separately. Different parameters affecting the pressure drop of fluid flow

English

Simulation of Batch Distillation

      The importance of batch distillation process in chemical, petroleum and pharmaceutical industries to separating the liquid mixture into their constituent components. The present work is concerned with developing a computer program using short-cut model and a simulation computer program using rigorous model to analyze multi-components non ideal mixture, multistage batch distillation column using MATLAB version 6.5. The short-cut model has been used to calculate minimum number of stage using Fenske equation and minimum reflux ratio using Underwood equation.

English

Investigation of Correlations for Prediction of Critical Properties of Pure Component

Prediction of accurate values of critical properties of any pure component is very important because they are often utilized in estimating the physical properties for chemical process design. Experimental measurements of critical properties for components are very difficult. So in order to obtain accurate critical property values, attention has been turned to calculate it using mostly a group contribution method which is difficult method. To overcome this problem efforts where directed to modify or improve equations to calculate critical properties using relatively simple method.

English

PREDICTION OF PRESSURE DROP IN PACKED BED FOR WATER AND AIR SYSTEMS

 Semi-empirical equations for fluid flow through packed bed have been proposed, depending on statistical fitting of experimental data. Two types of fluids have been used (water and air) separately (single phase flow). Several size distributions of sphere packing materials have been used in the packed bed, and each had been studied separately. Different parameters affecting the pressure drop of fluid flow through

English

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